Acne is a common disease of adolescents (predominantly male) commonly affecting the face, chest and back of which there are now a wide range of medicines and treatments. Acne affected areas are studded with blackheads, pustules and scars. Hormone imbalances trigger an increase in the secretion of sebum (an oily secretion from the sebaceous glands) which is the cause of acne.
The accumulation of sebum combines with dead skin cells and results in the formation of blackheads in pilosebaceous follicles in the skin.
Bacteria infect the blackheads, causing an inflammatory reaction, resulting in raised inflamed pustules.
These pustules can often rupture resulting in the typical scarring associated with acne. Treatment for severe acne is in the form of oral or topical antibiotics although the condition usually subsides by the time the patient is in his or her late twenties.
Additional medical conditions: