Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a fatty substance found in all cell membranes. The nervous system contains about 40% of all the body cholesterol levels. Cholesterol comes in two parts "Chole" = bile and "Sterol" = steroid.

Stress
> Cholesterol
 
Smoking
<HDL
>LDL
High saturated fat diet
>LDL
 
Polyunsaturated fat
<LDL
<HDL
Monounsaturated fat
<LDL
HDL no effect
Soluble fibre
<LDL
 
Exercise
>HDL
< Cholesterol
Moderate alcohol
>HDL
 
Excess alcohol
> Cholesterol
 


When looking at cholesterol levels, you should aim to have good levels of HDL’s, compared to LDL / VLDL. High cholesterol levels are not always unhealthy for you, it is the ratio that you have, simply put HDL’s are good as they transport the LDL’s (bad) lipoproteins back to your liver where they can do less harm to your artery walls.



(<) Reduces Cholesterol

(>) Increases Cholesterol

  • Involved in the synthesis of sex hormones.


  • Synthesis of bile salts, and activates the synthesis of vitamin D.


  • Helps the kidneys regulate the body's water balance.
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