Nocturnal Enuresis or bed wetting at night is present in 30% of children aged 4, and reduces to 1% by 18years. It is more common in boys than girls, often runs in families, and sometimes is associated with sleep disorders.
Although rare, the cause of the bed wetting could be due to a congenital abnormality, Diabetes, or a mass compressing the bladder. These factors are normally excluded after consultation by examination and tests. Most children will outgrow of bed wetting, however for a small number where the problem persists, help is available e.g. motivation counseling, bed wetting alarms which are triggered by a few drops of Urine allowing the sufferer time to wake up and empty their bladder.
Bladder exercises, learning to cope with and control emptying is useful, as is the avoidance of large amounts of fluid and or alcohol prior to sleep.
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